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1100 - 1400
An urban wife appearing in court without her husband's consent.
If the wife of a burgess was charged with a trespass and pledged to appear in court without first getting her husband's consent, her husband was only liable for fines of up to 4 pence if she was convicted. Note how the wife was treated as a minor before the law. The Scots version of the document follows the translation.
The payne of ane wyfe trespassand
Ancient Laws and Customs of the Burghs of Scotland, Vol. 1.1124-1424 ed Cosmo Innes (Edinburgh: Scottish Burgh Records Society, 1868), Leges Burgorum, no 118, p.57. Translation by E. Ewan