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1100 - 1400
laws regulating brewing in towns
Ale was a staple of the medieval diet and therefore its production in towns. was closely regulated by the urban authorities. Most brewers in Scottish medieval towns were women (known as 'brewsters'). Mead, a drink made from honey, was also brewed. Despite such laws trying to ensure that women brewed year round, it seems likely that for many women brewing was a much more intermittent activity. A cuckstool was a bench or stool on which offenders were placed in order to be publicly humiliated. This law was written in Latin and later in Scots. In the Latin title, the term for female brewers is used. The Scots version follows the translation below.
Of the maner of ale brewing be assise [of the manner of ale brewing [decided] by an assise]
Ancient Laws and Customs of the Burghs of Scotland, Vol. 1.1124-1424 ed Cosmo Innes (Edinburgh: Scottish Burgh Records Society, 1868), Leges Burgorum, no.63, pp 30-1. Translation by E. Ewan